United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC): In 1992, many countries joined to forge an international treaty -- the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) -- to consider what can be done to reduce global warming -mitigation- and to cope with whatever temperature increases are inevitable -adaptation-. Later, a number of nations approved an addition to the treaty: the Kyoto Protocol, which has legally binding measures for mitigation.
The Convention on Climate Change sets an overall framework for intergovernmental efforts to tackle the challenge posed by climate change. It recognizes that the climate system is a shared resource whose stability can be affected by industrial and other emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. The Convention enjoys near universal membership.
The Kyoto Protocol is
an international agreement linked to the Convention. The major
feature of the Protocol is that it sets binding targets for 37
industrialized countries and the European community for reducing
greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions .These amount to an average of five
per cent against 1990 levels over the five-year period 2008-2012.
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP): UNEP is the United Nations system's designated entity for addressing environmental issues at the global and regional level. Its mandate is to coordinate the development of environmental policy consensus by keeping the global environment under review and bringing emerging issues to the attention of governments and the international community for action. UNEP's work emphasizes strengthening links between environmental sustainability and economic decision-making, an emerging nexus for public policymaking and market development. In the area of climate change, our approach aims at reducing barriers to market development, building capacities, and easing the costs and risks of entry of new actors, in both the public and private sectors. As a founding member of the Nairobi Framework, UNEP works with other UN agencies and partners, and UNDP in particular, on a range of activities to help developing countries become more active in the carbon market.
Contact: John Christensen, UNEP email@example.com,
UNEP Risø Center, URC: UNEP Risoe Centre on Energy, Climate and Sustainable Development (URC) supports the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in its aim to incorporate environmental aspects into energy planning and policy worldwide, with a special emphasis to assist developing countries.
URC, formerly known as UNEP Collaborating Centre on Energy and Environment (UCCEE), is sponsored by UNEP, the Danish International Development Assistance (Danida) and Risoe National Laboratory.
Reflecting the needs of developing countries to make the CDM operational, the United Nations Environmental Program - UNEP, through the UNEP Risø Centre, is implementing a project on Capacity Development for the CDM - CD4CDM - with funding from the government of the Netherlands. The overall objective of the CD4CDM is to enable a friendly bussiness & regulatory environment for the CDM in developing countries by establishing & strengthening institutional capacities and by creating human capabilities to approve, formulate, implement and monitor CDM projects in the target countries.
Latin American Energy Organization (OLADE): The Latin American Energy Organization (OLADE) is an intergovernmental agency, created via the formalization of the Lima Convention on November 2, 1973, and ratified by 26 countries of Latin America and the Caribbean:
12 countries of South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela.
7 countries of the Caribbean: Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, and the Dominican Republic.
6 countries of Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama.
1 country of North America: Mexico;
and 1 participating country: Algeria.
OLADE’S VISION AND MISSION
VISION: OLADE is the political and technical support Organization through which its Member States make joint efforts towards regional and subregional energy integration.
MISSION: To contribute to the region’s integration, sustainable development and energy security, advising and promoting cooperation and coordination among its member countries.
Emissions Trading Association (IETA): The International
Emissions Trading Association (IETA) is a non-profit business
organization created in June 1999 to establish a functional
international framework for trading in GHG emission reductions. As
of April 2010, IETA comprises more than 180 international companies
from OECD and non-OECD countries. IETA membership includes leading
international companies from across the carbon trading cycle that
seek to develop an emissions trading regime which results in real
and verifiable GHG emission reductions, while balancing economic
efficiency with environmental integrity and social equity. The
organization works for the development of an active, global GHG
market, consistent across national boundaries. IETA upholds its
principles by acting as a think tank, a facilitator of dialogues, an
advocate, a market promoter and acting as a body that is able to
drive market standards.
Inter-American Development Bank (IDB): The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) supports efforts by Latin America and the Caribbean countries to reduce poverty and inequality. We aim to bring about development in a sustainable, climate-friendly way. Established in 1959, we are the largest source of development financing for Latin America and the Caribbean, with a strong commitment to achieve measurable results, increased integrity, transparency and accountability. Besides loans, we also provide grants, technical assistance and do research. Our shareholders are 48 member countries, including 26 Latin American and Caribbean borrowing members, who have a majority ownership of the IDB.
Support to Carbon Finance in IDB is part of its Sustainable Energy and Climate Change Initiative (SECCI), the goals of which are centered on the provision of comprehensive sustainability options in areas related to the energy, transportation, water and environmental sectors as well as building climate resilience in key priority areas vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The Initiative consists of four strategic pillars: (i) Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency; (ii) Sustainable Biofuel Development; (iii) Improving Access to Carbon Markets and (iv) Adaptation to Climate Change.
The SECCI pillar “Improving Access to Carbon Markets” is currently active in four main areas: (a) technical assistance to developers of carbon projects in project identification and the carbon cycle; (b) Capacity building through the Carbon Finance Knowledge Network, with dedicated events starting July 2010 and a dynamic webpage to be launched October 2010; (c) the Planet Banking initiative to increase the role in carbon markets of commercial banks, stock exchanges and national development banks and (d) the Regional Environmentally Sustainable Transport Action Plan (REST), under which the transport and climate change teams of IDB have been undertaking efforts to pilot the concept of “nationally appropriate mitigation actions” (NAMAs) for urban mobility and national logistical systems.
The World Bank:
The World Bank is a vital source of financial and technical
assistance to developing countries around the world. The World Bank
mission is to fight poverty with passion and professionalism for
lasting results and to help people help themselves and their
environment by providing resources, sharing knowledge, building
capacity and forging partnerships in the public and private sectors.
CAF is a development bank established in
1970 that currently consists of eighteen countries in Latin America,
the Caribbean and Europe, as well as fourteen private banks from the
VCS: VCS was founded to provide a robust quality assurance standard that projects could use to quantify greenhouse gas emissions and issue credits in voluntary markets. From its early days, VCS has grown into a comprehensive GHG program that is steadily evolving in response to market needs. Our mission is: To provide a trusted, robust and user-friendly program that brings quality assurance to voluntary carbon markets, to pioneer innovative rules and tools that open new avenues for carbon crediting and allow businesses, non-profits and government entities to engage in on-the-ground climate action, to share knowledge and encourage the uptake of best practice in carbon markets so that markets develop along coherent and compatible lines even as top-down regulations take shape.
CCAA: Caribbean Central American Action (CCAA) has been promoting private sector-led economic development in the Caribbean Basin for over three decades. It serves its goal of facilitating trade and investment by fostering constructive dialogue between the private and public sectors to improve the policy and regulatory environments for business at the local, regional, and international levels. CCAA hosts the Annual Conference on the Caribbean & Central America, now in its 35th year. Headquartered in Washington, DC, CCAA is a non-profit, non-governmental charitable organization.
BARILOCHE FOUNDATION: The Bariloche Foundation is a private non-profit institution whose objective is to promote all branches of scientific teaching and research on the basis of a solid humanistic culture, and within the scope of democratic principles.The institution carries out a comprehensive study program on issues related to human and social development, particularly having to do with the environment, energy and urban development. It also covers areas of basic and applied research into national and regional interest topics. Four programs are currently underway: Quality of Life, Energy – carried out by the Institute for Energy Economics – Philosophy, and Environment and Development.
UNDP: UNDP is the United Nations' global development network, an organization advocating for change and connecting countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life. We are on the ground in 177 countries, working with them on their own solutions to global and national development challenges. As they develop local capacity, they draw on the people of UNDP and our wide range of partners. World leaders have pledged to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, including the overarching goal of cutting poverty in half by 2015. UNDP's network links and coordinates global and national efforts to reach these Goals. Our focus is helping countries build and share solutions to the challenges of: Democratic Governance, Poverty Reduction, Crisis Prevention & Recovery, Environment & Energy, HIV/AIDS.
South America Regional Environmental HUB Office - US Embassy Lima: A number of issues related to Environment, Health, Sustainability require regional strategies. To address these cross border issues the State Department has created 12 Environment, Science, Technology, and Health offices, also called Regional Environmental Offices (REOs) at U.S. Embassies around the world. The South American REO HUB is located at the U.S. Embassy in Lima, Peru and covers 12 countries in the region: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Paraguay, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela. You can find out more about our office at our REO web site: www.reosouthamerica.com.
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